With Beijing reasserting control over its once-freewheeling internet sector, technology giants are seeing slower growth.
China’s biggest-listed companies Tencent and Alibaba are expected to report a fall in profits and slowing revenue growth in the July-September quarter, hurt by the year-long regulatory crackdown that has upended its technology industry.
Beijing has reasserted control over its once-freewheeling internet sector, punishing well-known names for engaging in what were previously considered regular market practices and drafting new rules to change how they compete and engage users.
“We believe the financial impact of regulatory headwinds in China will be reflected in (third quarter) earnings and (fourth quarter) guidance,” KGI Asia analysts said in a note last month.
Tencent Holdings Ltd – the country’s largest firm by market value and its first Big Tech name to report earnings on Wednesday – is expected to post a 12 percent fall in quarterly profit, its first drop in two years, according to Refinitiv data.
The gaming giant’s revenue is expected to rise 16.4 percent, the slowest pace since the first quarter of 2019, after the government imposed new limits on the amount of time minors can spend playing video games. China’s gaming regulator also has not approved any new games since August.
During the quarter, China also barred Tencent from signing exclusive music deals, citing anti-competitive reasons.
E-commerce powerhouse Alibaba, which became China’s first regulatory target late last year, is expected to post a 12 percent decline in profit in the quarter. Revenue will likely rise 32 percent, the slowest in a year.
Two quarters ago, Alibaba had posted its first quarterly operating loss since going public in 2014 after it was fined a record $2.8bn.
Its smaller rival JD.com Inc is expected to post a 71 percent slump in profit and the slowest revenue growth in six quarters.
Slowing retail sales in China due to COVID-19 lockdowns and recent power shortages will hurt Alibaba and smaller rivals, KGI Asia analysts said.
Big e-commerce companies in China are also facing rising competition from short video apps Kuaishou and ByteDance’s Douyin, which have growing e-commerce businesses.
Baidu, China’s biggest search engine operator, is expected to report that quarterly profit plunged 80 percent, hurt by a slump in advertising revenue from tutoring centres that have been barred from offering private, for-profit tutoring on the school curriculum. China’s efforts to regulate medical beauty advertisements have also hit advertising.